Peugeot bicycle production was started by Armand Peugeot in the 1880s at Beaulieu, a small village near Valentigney, east of Besancon, making it one of the oldest cycle brands still in existence.

An excellent resource for the history of Peugeot bicycles is the book “Peugeot et le cyclisme” by Lucien Hilger.  Wikipedia has an interesting summary of the company:

Bicycles featured here are listed below.  Click on link for details: